Behavior assessments for identifying who is in need of extra help
The SAEBRS is a brief tool supported by research for use in universal screening for behavioral and emotional risk. The measure falls within a broad class of highly efficient tools, suitable for teacher use in evaluating and rating all students on common behavioral criteria (Severson, Walker, Hope-Doolittle, Kratochwill, & Gresham, 2007). The SAEBRS is designed for use in the K-12 setting. It is grounded within a conceptual model, which states that a student’s success in school is not only related to his or her academic achievement, but also success within multiple behavioral domains. Research suggests the SAEBRS may be used to evaluate student functioning in terms of overall general behavior, as assessed by a broad Total Behavior (19 items). Research further suggests the SAEBRS may be used to evaluate student behavior within multiple inter-related narrow domains, as assessed by the Social Behavior (6 items), Academic Behavior (6 items), and Emotional Behavior (7 items) subscales.
The SDQ is a brief behavioral screener for 4-17 year olds created by Goodman in 1997. This measure can be used as a screener for risk for psychiatric disorders. The SDQ focuses on positive attributes as well as risk symptoms regarding the child or adolescent’s behavior in the past six months. There are multiple versions of the measure: teacher report for ages 4-11 and 11-17, parent report for ages 4-17, and child self-report for 11-17 year olds. Additionally, there is an early childhood SDQ for 2-4 year olds. Each questionnaire includes 25 items. An overall Total Difficulties Score is produced, along with five subscale scores: Emotional Symptoms, Conduct Problems, Hyperactivity/Inattention, Relationship Problems, and Prosocial Behavior. Optional Internalizing and Externalizing scales may also be produced. An optional impact supplement is also included on the longer form version which provides further information about chronicity, distress, social impairment, and burden to others. There are also follow-up versions of the questionnaire, which include additional questions along with a shorter time period to detect change after intervention. The SDQ has been translated into over ninety languages.
The Student Risk Screening Scale is a brief, no-cost, user-friendly screening tool designed to identify school-aged students with externalizing problems. The SRSS includes the following seven items: (a) steal; (b) lie, cheat, sneak; (c) behavior problem; (d) peer rejection; (e) low academic achievement; (f) negative attitude; and (g) aggressive behavior. These items are rated on a four-point Likert-type scale (never = 0, occasionally = 1, sometimes = 2, frequently = 3). Total scores are summed (range = 0–21, with higher scores indicating higher risk) and used to classify students into one of three risk categories established by publishers: low (0–3), moderate (4–8), or high (9–21). The SSRS can be completed by teachers 6-8 weeks after the onset of the academic years and requires approximately 10 to 15 minutes to rate all students within a classroom.