A schema is a way to organize or pattern information within a structured framework of known and unknown information. Within word-problem work, the learner identifies the type of problem (i.e., schema), which lends itself to solving the problem using a given organizational pattern. The main focus of Schema-Based Instruction or Schema-Broadening Instruction (SBI) is to teach word-problem solving using identification of a problem schema, representation using diagrams or equations to represent the schema, and solving the word problem. Scaffolding of student learning is provided throughout.
Common Core Standards: Operations and Algebraic Thinking (K-5), Numbers and Operations in Base Ten (K-5) and Numbers and Operations – Fractions (3-5)
Setting: Whole Class, Small Group or Individual
Focus Area: Acquisition, Fluency and Generalization